printing-tips2

PAPER TYPES

Paper can be separated into two main categories: uncoated and coated stocks.

Uncoated stocks:

Uncoated stock is paper that has no coated pigment applied to reduce the absorbency or increase the smoothness. The uncoated finishes can be described as vellum, antique, wove, or smooth.

Coated stocks:

A coated stock has a surface coating that has been applied to make the surface more receptive for the reproduction of text and images in order to achieve sharper detail and improved color density. By adding a coated clay pigment, the objective of coating the stock is to improve the smoothness and reduce the absorbency. Coated paper finishes can be categorized as matte, dull, cast, gloss, and high gloss. The coating can be on both sides of the stock (coated two sides, "C2S") or on one side only (coated one side, "C1S"). 

From these subcategories, paper stocks are then separated into types such as offset, bond, cover, index, and vellum bristol. The following tables show these types, along with their common colors, weights, and uses.

 

Uncoated - Commercial Printing Papers


Type

Popular Colors

Popular Weights

Uses

Offset

White, Ivory, Cream

50, 60, 70, 80, 100 lb.

Business Forms, Flyers, Books, Mailers

Vellum Bristol

White and Color

57, 67, 100, 120 lb.

Mailers, Posters, Advertising

Ledger

White, Buff, Greentint

24, 28, 32, 36 lb.

Business Forms, File Tabs, Records, Etc.

Cover

White and Colors

50, 60, 65, 80, 90, 100, 130 lb.

Booklet Covers, Mailers, Menus, Posters

Index

White and Colors

90, 100, 140, 170,
200 lb.

Record Cards, Tab Folders, Booklets

Tag

White & Manila

100, 125, 150 lb.

Business Forms, Covers, Posters, Work Tags

Railroad Board

White and Colors

4, 6, 8 Ply

Covers, Posters

Reply Card

White

75 lb.

Reply Mail, Mailers

Forms Bond

White, Canary, Pink, Green, Gold, Blue, Buff, Gray

15, 20, 24 lb.

Business Forms (invoices, statements) Stationery, Flyers, An all purpose paper

Laser Bond

White

20, 24 lb.

Laser printed Forms, Mailers, Stationery

OCR Bond

White

20, 24 lb.

Scannable Documents

MICR Bond

White

24 lb.

Checks, Numbered Documents

Safety Bond

White, Canary, Pink, Green, Blue, Gray

24 lb.

Checks

Carbonless CB

White, Canary, Pink, Green, Gold, Blue

15, 20, 24, 33 lb.

Business Forms (invoices, statements, Hospital Forms, etc.)

Carbonless CFB

White, Canary, Pink, Green, Gold, Blue

12.5, 14, 17 lb.

Business Forms (invoices, statements, Hospital Forms, etc.)

Carbonless CF

White, Canary, Pink, Green, Gold, Blue

15, 20, 27, 33, 105 lb.

Business Forms (invoices, statements, Hospital Forms, etc.)

Newsprint

White

30, 33 lb.

Newspapers

Kraft

White, Tan, Gray

20, 28, 30, 35, 40, 50, 57, 60, 70 lb.

Packaging, Shipping, Envelopes



Coated - Commercial Printing Papers

Type

Popular Colors

Popular Weights

Uses

Offset

Bright White

50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100

Brochures, Folders, Magazines

Cover

Bright White

60, 80, 100 lb.

Covers, Advertising, Calendars



Fine Papers

Type

Popular Colors

Popular Weights

Uses

Text

White and Colors

60, 70, 80 lb.

Booklets, Annual Reports, Books, High Quality Applications

Cover

White and Colors

50, 60, 65, 80, 90, 100, 130 lb.

Booklet Covers, Menus, Posters

Writing

White, Natural White, Ivory

20, 24 lb.

Stationery

25% & 100% Cotton Bond

White

20, 24 lb.

Stationery, Deeds, Legal Documents

No. 1 Bond Watermarked

White

20, 24 lb.

Stationery, Deeds, Legal Documents



Specialty Papers

Type

Popular Colors

Popular Weights

Uses

Dry Gum Label

White

20 lb.

Labels

Pressure Sensitive Label

White, Colors, Fluorescent

50, 60 lb.

Labels and Stickers

Digital Imaging

White, Bright White

20, 24, 28, 32, 50, 60, and 70 lb.

Brochures, Newsletters, Reports, Manuals, Magazines, Folders, Cards



Office and Consumer Papers

Type

Popular Colors

Popular Weights

Uses

Laser Bond

White

20, 24 lb.

Laser printed Forms and Stationery

Xerographic

White

20, 24 lb.

Copiers and Printers